Sunburn: Causes, Symptoms, and Remedies

Sunburn: Causes, Symptoms, and Remedies

by Renz Paulo Rodriguez   |   3 min read


We've all been there – that painful redness and irritation after spending too long soaking under the sun. Sunburns are your skin's way of telling you it's been hit with too much ultraviolet (UV) radiation. And if you don't treat them properly, you could be in for some major skin damage.  Let's talk about why sunburns happen, what signs to look out for, and how you can treat them properly to keep your skin healthy while enjoying the great outdoors under the sun! 


Causes of Sunburns


The onset of sunburns is a consequence of protracted exposure of the skin to UV radiation, specifically UVB rays. This radiation induces genetic disruption within the skin cells, provoking inflammation and subsequent erythema. Common factors that increase the risk of sunburns include:

  • Fair Skin. Individuals with fair or light skin possess lower levels of melanin, a natural shield against UV radiation. They are more susceptible to sunburn compared with individuals having darker skin tones.
  • Exposure Time and Intensity. The risk of sunburn escalates with extended sun exposure, especially during peak UV hours typically observed between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.
  • Lack of Sun Protection. Failure to use sun protection measures such as sunscreen, protective clothing (e.g., hats, long sleeves), and shade increases the likelihood of experiencing sunburn.
  • Medications and Skin Sensitivity. Certain medications, such as antibiotics, diuretics, and acne treatments, can increase skin sensitivity to sunlight, making individuals more prone to sunburn even with minimal exposure. 


Symptoms of Sunburns


After being exposed to the sun, signs of sunburn generally become evident within a few hours and exacerbate over the subsequent 24 to 36 hours.  It's essential to recognize these symptoms and take appropriate action to prevent further damage to the skin. Common symptoms include:

  1. Redness
  2. Inflammation
  3. Pain and Tenderness
  4. Blistering
  5. Itching
  6. Peeling


Remedies for Sunburns


Here are 4 ways to soothe and treat sunburn:

  • Aloe Vera Gel. Aloe vera stands out as a commendable solution for soothing sunburned skin. Apply pure aloe vera gel directly to the affected area to help reduce inflammation, relieve pain, and promote healing.
  • Cool Compresses. To help soothe the skin and reduce inflammation. Use a cold, damp towel or cloth and apply it gently to the affected area for 15-20 minutes at a time.
  • Sunscreen. Apply sunscreen with a high SPF (sun protection factor) generously to all exposed skin, and reapply every two hours or more frequently.
  • Moisturizer. Maintaining optimal moisture levels is imperative for sunburned skin. Opt for mild, fragrance-free moisturizers or lotions to foster healing and mitigate additional discomfort.


Honeyskin Organic Aloe Vera Gel with Orchid and Apple Stem Cells


Cooling organic aloe vera gel packed with calming natural fruit extracts. Our 100% Organic Aloe Vera Gel with Apple Stem Cells soothes and relieves the skin while natural ceramides penetrate the damaged or burnt skin barrier to hydrate from the deepest layer up, making it ideal for calming the skin after sun exposure. Plus, stem cells activate to plump the look of your skin for an ageless appearance.


Honeyskin Ultimate Face & Body Cream


Discover our best-selling Manuka Honey-infused Ultimate Face & Body Cream. Rich and creamy in texture, this intensely hydrating moisturizer is perfect for nourishing and moisturizing dry, distressed skin  While it effectively soothes eczema and psoriasis, it also provides soothing relief for sunburns, making it a versatile solution for a variety of skin issues. 


Honeyskin Broad Spectrum SPF33 Mineral Facial Sunscreen


Broad-spectrum protection against harmful UVA and UVB rays. Formulated with 20% Zinc Oxide, our Natural Sunscreen provides superior protection against UVA & UVB rays. This facial sunscreen creates a physical barrier on top of your skin, reflecting the sun's rays before they can penetrate & damage your skin cells. Unlike chemical sunscreen, our zinc oxide mineral-based sunscreen contains niacinamide, which helps reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation caused by sun damage.


Honeyskin Takeaways


Sunburns can be painful and uncomfortable, but with proper care and treatment, you can ease symptoms and promote healing. Remember to protect your skin from UV radiation by wearing sunscreen, seeking shade, and wearing protective clothing when spending time outdoors. With these measures in place, you can enjoy the sun safely and keep your skin healthy for years to come.



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